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The operation of a smart home

Smart home refers to all electronic and information technologies applied to building management. The operation of smart home is simple to understand.

  • Smart home makes it possible to centralize controls, create scenarios of life and atmosphere, remotely program heating, lighting, closing doors and windows.
  • All the controls are gathered on a smart home interface that somehow becomes the brain of your home.
  • This interface can be a remote control, a touch screen, a computer, or a smartphone.
  • The operation of a smart home solution also allows you to access orders directly via the Internet, for remote management.

 smart home solution

A smart home solution ensures better management of a building's energy consumption

Smart home devices are suitable for several applications. Here are some of the main functions of smart home equipment in a building.

The heating temperature can be programmed according to your life rhythm:

  • You can heat less at night, when you sleep: for example, heat to 19°C when you are present, and to 17°C at night.
  • Remember that one less degree of heating is equivalent to an energy saving of 7% on your heating bill.
  • With smart home, you can program several scenarios (weekend and week, day and night, etc.) to ensure optimal comfort according to your habits.
  • Comfort and smart home

Natural energy inputs are facilitated:

  • In particular, you can program the automatic opening of the blinds to take advantage of solar energy and to heat free of charge in winter.
  • Conversely, in summer, you can program the partial closing of the blinds to preserve the interior freshness.
  • For a pool, you can remove the tarpaulin when it is sunny, and cover the pool when it rains.

The electrical consumption of the building can be controlled:

  • Several measurement tools can be installed.
  • You can install various meters on the devices you want to monitor in terms of power consumption.

Smart lighting is adapted according to the activity in the home:

  • You can program the automatic switch-off of the lights.
  • Depending on the type of lighting, it is possible to adapt the intensity of the light according to the natural luminosity.
  • You can also install presence sensors, and program mood scenarios (dimmed lighting in the evening for example).

The devices in standby mode are switched off when you want:

  • The consumption of electrical appliances in standby mode represents 50% of their annual consumption and 11% of a household's electricity consumption (excluding heating).
  • smart home solutions allow you to disable them at certain times of the day, when you don't need them.
  • The energy savings achieved are significant.

The functioning of smart home improves the comfort and safety of the building

Thanks to smart home, you can reduce the human effort for certain tasks and increase the level of security of the building.

  • Smart home provides you with more comfort and simplicity on a daily basis.
  • Doors and blinds can be closed centrally: a single action is all it takes to secure the entire building.
  • You can program the lighting and heating to obtain a better living comfort.
  • Home assistance systems can be installed (especially for the elderly or people with reduced mobility).
  • Building security can also be ensured by smart home.
  • An anti-intrusion smart home alarm can be installed and controlled directly from the smart home management interface.
  • Fire or gas leak detectors can automatically warn you in case of an incident.
  • It is possible to connect these security systems to a police station or fire station.

Smart home includes several elements essential to its operation

The functioning of smart home is based on communication between several electrical devices. To ensure this communication and achieve the desired effects, a smart home system must include several elements.

Automation:

The purpose of automatisms is to prevent you from performing actions that could be automated. For example, it can be a matter of pressing a button to turn on a light, or turning off the television after an hour of wakefulness. The operation of the automation systems is directly linked to the sensors, the programming system and the smart home system.

The smart home programming system:

A programming system is essential to enjoy the advantages of a smart home system. It is thanks to it that you will be able to choose how to program your electrical appliances, according to your habits and needs.

Smart home devices:

There are many smart home devices, since in fact all electrical devices can be smart home if they are integrated into the operation of the installation. Lamps, screens, washing machines, radiators... so many devices that can be controlled by smart home. Special devices have been developed to meet automation needs. These include smart home vacuum cleaners and smart home mowers, or HiFi installations such as home theatres.

Smart home sensors:

Sensors are essential to adapt the functioning of a smart home object according to a defined criterion. For example, there are sensors that detect motion, and therefore human presence. Others detect the brightness, others the temperature...

These sensors convert data into a signal. For example, you can set an electrical device to operate only when the associated sensor detects movement.

The smart home network:

To transform a dwelling into a smart house, it is necessary to install a network so that electrical devices, sensors and the programming system can communicate with each other.

There are several types of smart home network:

  • smart home cabling: each device is connected to the smart home system via a cable (often Ethernet RJ45).
  • PLC (Powerline Power Line Carrier) domotics: the electrical network circulates data through existing electrical cables.
  • Wireless smart home: more practical to install and use, the network is based on the exchange of information by radio waves or infrared.

The smart home interface:

The smart home interface allows you to configure the operating settings of your electrical appliances in real time. Depending on your habits and lifestyle, you can choose a different management interface. Here are the main possible interfaces:

  • A smart home remote control;
  • A touch screen control screen;
  • A computer or a tablet;
  • A smartphone;
  • Directly on the Internet.

The smart home plant:

All the above equipment must be connected to each other in order to communicate. This is why a smart home system is essential for the operation of smart home equipment. There are smart home units for each type of installation: smart home wiring, powerline smart home, and wireless smart home.


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