New Report Finds An Estimated 1 out of 7 People With Alzheimer's Live Alone

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New Report Finds An Estimated 1 out of 7 People With Alzheimer's Live Alone

3/11/2012

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According to the Alzheimer’s Association’s® 2012 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures:

Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias As Cost Driver for Maryland and the Nation
·Caring for people with Alzheimer’s and other dementias will cost the United States an estimated $200 billion in 2012, including $140 billion paid by Medicare and Medicaid.
·Medicare payments for an older person with Alzheimer’s or other dementias are nearly three times higher than for seniors without Alzheimer’s and other dementias.
·Medicaid payments are 19 times higher for an older person with Alzheimer’s or other dementias than for seniors without Alzheimer’s and other dementias.

·Unless a concerted effort to change the trajectory of the disease is made today, costs for Alzheimer’s and other dementias will soar from $200 billion this year to as much as $1.1 trillion dollars in 2050 — just 38 years. This dramatic rise includes a 500 percent increase in combined Medicare and Medicaid spending and 400 percent increase in out-of-pocket spending for families.
“It is imperative that we make the Alzheimer’s crisis a national priority, as we see the growing number of aging baby boomers and our nation facing unprecedented economic challenges,” said Susan Kudla Finn, President and CEO of the Alzheimer’s Association National Capital Area Chapter. “Alzheimer’s is the nation’s sixth leading cause of death. It is unmatched in the scale of its devastating human and economic impact. There is no other chronic disease that affects so many without a way to cure, prevent or even slow its progression. The impact of Alzheimer’s on Maryland cannot be underestimated. As many as 86,000 people in the state now live with the disease, and we project that number will increase to 100,000 by 2025. It cannot be more evident that we must make every effort now to address the rapidly increasing Alzheimer’s epidemic.”
·According to the Alzheimer’s Association report, there are 5.4 million Americans living with Alzheimer’s disease, including 5.2 million people age 65 or older and 200,000 people under the age of 65.
·Every 68 seconds someone in America develops Alzheimer’s.
·Nearly 30 percent of people with Alzheimer’s and other dementias are on Medicare and Medicaid compared to 11 percent of individuals without dementia. 
·Individuals who have Alzheimer’s and other dementias are high consumers of hospital, nursing home and other health and long-term care services, which translate into high costs for Medicare and Medicaid – and for millions of families.
·Only 4 percent of the general population will be admitted to a nursing home by age 80. For people with Alzheimer’s, 75 percent will admitted to a nursing home by age 80, posing significant economic challenges to state Medicaid budgets.
·As families struggle to survive in a challenging economic environment and states grapple with budget shortfalls, Alzheimer’s disease threatens to overwhelm them both.
·The new report reveals there are 15.2 million friends and family members providing care for individuals with Alzheimer’s and other dementias, including 278,490 caregivers in Maryland. In 2011, caregivers across the nation provided unpaid care with an economic value of $210 billion. For Maryland caregivers, the economic value was $3,843,789,991
·Unpaid caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s and other dementias provided care valued at more than $1 billion in each of 39 states.
·Most people survive an average of four to eight years after an Alzheimer’s or dementia diagnosis, but some can live as long as 20 years with the disease. This prolonged duration often places increasingly intensive care demands on family members and friends who provide care.
·Caregivers take on a tremendous financial, physical and emotional toll to help care for a loved one with Alzheimer’s. Sixty-one percent of family caregivers of people with Alzheimer’s and other dementias rated their emotional stress of caregiving as high or very high.
·The physical and emotional impact on Alzheimer’s and dementia caregivers is estimated to result in nearly $9 billion in increased health care costs in the United States, including  $173,722,031 for caregivers in Maryland.
Special Report Explores People with Alzheimer’s Who Live Alone
Alzheimer’s imposes profound challenges on individuals and their families. These challenges are even more formidable for the one out of seven individuals with Alzheimer’s who live alone.
·The 2012 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures reports that an estimated 800,000 individuals in the United States have Alzheimer’s and live alone. Up to half of these individuals do not have an identifiable caregiver.
·People with dementia who live alone are at greater risk of jeopardized health than those who live with others, including greater risk of missed or delayed diagnosis and increased risk for self-neglect, including malnutrition and untreated medical conditions.
·Those who have Alzheimer’s and live alone are also at increased risk of wandering away from home unattended and for accidental death, possibly due to lack of recognition of harmful situations and delays in seeking medical attention.
·These issues are compounded by the fact that many individuals who live alone are often in denial of how serious their cognitive impairment is and refuse help from others.
“Advance planning for the individual with Alzheimer’s or another dementia who lives alone is absolutely critical,” said Dr. Victoria Crenshaw, PhD, Vice President of Programs and Services for the Alzheimer’s Association National Capital Area Chapter. “Alzheimer’s and other dementias take individuals through unfamiliar territory. Advance planning in the early stages of the disease allows individuals to build their care team, make financial plans and prepare for future safety concerns while they are still cognitively able to do so.”
Conclusion
·Alzheimer’s has profound implications for future state budgets. States must prepare now to address the multiple and complex challenges that Alzheimer’s poses to individuals, families and state governments, particularly Medicaid.
 “The new Facts and Figures report shows the significant impact the disease has on the individual who has Alzheimer’s and lives alone, for those who have the disease and live with their families, and for all levels of government,” said Susan Kudla Finn. “This is why the Alzheimer’s Association supports federal efforts under way to create the first ever National Alzheimer’s Plan. The Alzheimer’s Association is actively involved the development of the Maryland State Alzheimer’s plan, which will help to assess the current impact of the disease and determine what future steps as needed to support the growing number of families affected by this devastating disease.”
Maryland state government has appointed its Commission on Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders which, under an executive order from Governor O’Malley, is responsible for producing Maryland’s State Alzheimer’s Plan in early summer.  The Alzheimer’s Association is represented on that Commission by Cass Naugle, President and CEO of the Greater Maryland Chapter. 
The full text of the Alzheimer’s Association’s 2012 Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures can be viewed at www.alz.org.
Alzheimer’s Association’s Facts and Figures
The Alzheimer’s Association’s Facts and Figures report is a comprehensive compilation of national statistics and information on Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. The report conveys the impact of Alzheimer’s on individuals, families, government, and the nation’s healthcare system. Since its 2007 inaugural release, the report has become the most cited source covering the broad spectrum of Alzheimer’s issues. The Alzheimer’s Disease Facts and Figures report is an official publication of the Alzheimer’s Association®.


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